Orofacial Myofunctional Therapy (OMT) is an exercise program for the tongue, lip and facial muscles as they relate to speech , dentition, chewing, swallowing, breathing and overall mental and physical health.
This type of therapy can facilitate proper facial growth and development as well as teeth alignment.
Some of the disorders that can benefit from Myofuntional therapy are known as:
- Tongue Thrust
- Mouth Breathing / Open Mouth Posture
- Thumb Sucking
What Causes an Orofacial Myofunctional Disorder?
- Incorrect tongue position
- Improper oral habits such as thumb or finger sucking, prolong use of pacifiers, check and nail biting.
- Restricted nasal airway due to enlarged tonsils/adenoids and/or allergies
- Structural and physiological abnormalities as a short lingual frenum /tongue-tie
- Neurological and developmental abnormalities
- Hereditary predisposition
- Birth trauma/ breast feeding history.
Myofunctional therapy can help:
- Assist tongue achieving correct rest posture thus allowing the roof of the mouth to be physiologically remodeled to create a better bite;
- Correct tongue resting position and nasal breathing may help with Obstructed Sleep Apnea/OSA and snoring
- Guide the teeth and jaws during growth and development
- Stabilize the teeth during and /or after orthodontic treatment
- Eliminate improper oral habits/sucking habits –thus improving facial growth pattern
- Reduce periodontal inflammation due to mouth breathing and tongue thrusting
- Correct short upper lip and lip incompetence associated with mouth-breathing and/or sucking habit-thus offering protection and guidance of the teeth/correct lip seal
- More about Myofunctional can be accessed at: http://www.iaom.com/OMDisorders.html
The myofunctional therapy can be conducted with myofunctional exercises alone or in conjunction with different types of very versatile and easy to wear Trainers- part of the Myobrace system (MRC).
More about MRC trainers can be accessed at: http://www.myobrace.com/